The Humiliation of Sinners
Public Penance in Thirteenth-Century France, Mary Mansfield, Paperback
This compelling book, first published in 1995, changed historians'
understanding of the history of public penance, a topic crucial to debates
about the complex evolution of individualism in the West. Mary C. Mansfield
demonstrates that various forms of public humiliation, imposed on nobles and
peasants alike for shocking crimes as well as for minor brawls, survived into
the thirteenth century and beyond.